CaniCross is cross country running with your dog.


Your dog wears a harness and is attached to you by a line with bungee in it, and the runner wears a belt which fits around their hips. The sport started with mushers training their lead sled dogs when there was no snow.

Since then the sport has developed into a recreational and competitive sport. All abilities of humans and all types of dogs can participate.

Is my dog old enough to CaniCross?

If your dog is fully grown (at least 12 months old) has no known health issues and loves to run - then yes, they can CaniCross!

There is no upper age limit as long as your dog is fit and healthy. 

Care should be taken with brachiocephalic breeds such as Bulldogs.

But if you're not sure please consult with your vet.

How do I start to CaniCross with my dog?

Firstly you need to teach your dog to be relaxed and happy in harness by making positive associations with it i.e. putting it on for short periods of time during a walk and giving them lots of praise.


Then you can start to teach your dog how to pull into harness> 

What equipment do I need to CaniCross?

All you need is a good comfortable fitting harness for your dog, a bungee line and a waist belt. 

You can find out how to fit a harness and more equipment guides here>

How do I look after my CaniCross dog?

It's important to warm up, hydrate, cool down your dog. 

Dogs need time to adapt to the forces being placed on their bodies, so it's important to build up their training slowly.

Maintaining your dog's all round health will also keep them enjoying CaniSports for many years to come. 

Find out more here>

FREE Training plans!

Whether you are new to the sport or and experienced CaniCrosser, our free training plans will get you and your dog running better and having fun on the trails.

Got a question about CaniCross?


Check out our FAQs for commonly asked questions

or have a chat with the trailrunners community on Facebook.

  • Facebook
  • YouTube

How do I teach my dog to pull into harness?

Some dogs will naturally run into harness. But if your dog is unsure about being allowed to pull here's some tips on how to encourage them:

Roll a ball in front and treat reward

Run with a friend who is running very slightly in front, encouraging the dog to run along.

Or have your friend in harness and you run slightly in front

Run with a canicross group


Find an exciting trail such as a single track in a wooded area so the dog a clear defined path to follow

When your dog is pulling, put a verbal cue in such as 'yes', 'good boy/girl' or 'go go go' so that the dog associates that word with the feeling of pulling in harness.

Always reward your dog with verbal praise and attention so it's a positive experience.


Do you want to get better at CaniCross?

Find your nearest trailrunners workshop here>

Voice cues

It's important to give your dog clear voice cues. Here's some suggestions: 

Gee - right

Haw - left

On by - ignore keep going

Hike on - use more pulling power to carry forward

Lets go - speeding up or starting to go

Steady - slow the pace

Whooa - stop

Stand/line out - stand still facing forward

You can start teaching these whilst out on a walk, so when your dog approaches a right turn, say the word 'Gee'. If they look back at you, put your right arm out as a directional cue. As soon as they have taken the corner, reinforce with either an 'ok' or 'good boy'.

The CaniCross racing season is usually Sept – May and most events have 1 or 2 dog classes. You can race with a multitude of breeds, just be sure to check the events race rules for eligibility.

Race etiquette

Check the rules of the event before competing. 

When waiting to start, give your dog plenty of space as it's a really exciting environment.

In open events, self seed and start nearer the back if you have a nervous dog - this will give them confidence. 

When overtaking, call ahead, clearly indicating the side you are going to overtake on.

When being overtaken, move over to one side of the trail so they can pass easily. If necessary bring your dog into your side.

Be respectful of other competitors and the public.

Race markers  

Turns are marked in red and are placed on the side the turn is.

They are then followed by a blue confirmation marker. Blue markers also indicate straight on.

Yellow markers indicate a hazard on the trail.

NO ROW marker means no right of way for overtaking teams. You are nearing the finish.

Couch to CaniCross

The trailrunners 'Couch to CaniCross' is a guide on how to start CaniCross.

The plan will get you and your four legged companion fit to run 5k continuously in 8 weeks. 

Any dog starting out with CaniCross should follow this plan first. If you already run further than 5km, feel free to do more mileage without your dog.


5km CaniCross Plan

The trailrunners '5km CaniCross Plan' will guide you and your dog to running a faster 5km.


If you or your dog are starting out with CaniCross, please follow the

'Couch to CaniCross' plan first.


10km CaniCross Plan

This 8 week training plan will guide you and your dog from to running 5km to 10km.

If you or your dog are starting out with CaniCross, please follow the 'Couch to CaniCross' plan first. 


Need a personalised training plan?

Smash your goals with a fully personalised CaniCross training plan from trailrunners' expert run coach Verity.

> Weekly coach check-in

> Personalised plan with pacing targets

> Individualised strength and conditioning plan

> £26 per month with no minimum plan length